History & Geographic Characteristics
Egypt is a country in North Africa that includes the Sinai Peninsula, a land bridge to Asia. The northern coast borders the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern coast borders the Red Sea, which makes Egypt’s geographical place a very strategic one.
Overview of Egypt
The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world’s great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C. and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt’s government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914.
Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to ready the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.
Cultural side of Egypt
Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world’s most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex and the Great Sphinx; the southern city of Luxor contains a particularly large number of ancient artifacts such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Today, Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural centre of the Middle East. In addition to much more monuments returning to Coptic Christian Egypt, Islamic Egypt, and Modern Egypt
Conference hosting city, is the second-largest city in Egypt, and its largest seaport. Alexandria extends about 20 miles 32 km along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in north-central Egypt. Home of the Ancient and Modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina; known with its one of the “7 Wonders of the world”, “The Lighthouse of Alexandria; Alexandria was one of the famous cities in the world, founded around 331 BC by Alexander the Great and remained Egypt’s Capital for nearly a thousand years.
Transportation in Alexandria
-Al Nozha Airport: 7km to the south of the city.
-Borg Al Arab International Airport: 25km to the west of the city.
-Public transport buses
-Touristic Red buses
-Sidi Gaber station in the center of the city
-Misr station in the west-central of the city
-The tramway network in Alexandria is the oldest in Africa, is devided to two parts passing by almost all parts of the city.
-Touristic Taxi (Fast Call 19559)
Conference is held at the Alexandria Main Convention Center, Bibliotheca Alexandrina. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is located on a magnificent site in the Eastern Harbor, facing the sea on the north, and Alexandria University Complex on its southern side, close to the location of the Old Library in the Brucheion (the Ancient Royal Quarter).
It is built in the shape of a chessboard and divided into five districts; the most important is the Royal District which holds the Museum, the Great library of Alexandria, the lighthouse and the Sema, which is the funerary temple where Alexander the Great was buried. The Library of Alexandria complex includes: The Main Library, Young Peoples’ Library, Library for the Blind, Planetarium, Science Museum, Calligraphy Museum, Alexandria Archeological Museum, International School of Information Studies (ISIS), Conservation and Restoration Laboratory, Conference Center of Alexandria and Ancillary Services.
The electricity supply in Egypt is 220 Volts, 50 Hz.Most hotels also provide 110 Volts outlets for shavers.
Conference official language
Conference official language is English All lectures and presentations will be held in the English language only.
There will be no translation available.
The convention center is covered by Wi-Fi (Free Internet connections).